Back in control : the episodic retrieval of executive control

Leiden Repository

Back in control : the episodic retrieval of executive control

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Back in control : the episodic retrieval of executive control
Author: Spapé, Michiel M.
Publisher: Department Cognitive Psychology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2009-12-02
Keywords: Binding
Cognitive psychology
Episodic retrieval
Executive control
Feature integration
Perception and action
Abstract: After experiencing distraction or temptation, people tend to be better able to cope with future conflict. In cognitive psychology, this is often shown by using sequential conflict tasks, such as the Stroop task, in which people are required to name the colour of the ink of a word, and ignore the word itself. After presentation of the word “red” in a green colour, for example, people show a smaller conflict effect if later shown the word “green” in a red colour. According to established theory, this is related to the working of executive control: initial conflict triggers increased attention (towards the colour instead of the word) or inhibition (of the word), thus making it easier to cope with repeated conflict. In this dissertation, I argue for a revision of this prominent theory towards a more memory based explanation of executive control. Instead of initial conflict working forward in time to affect the later task, the behavioural and psychophysiological experiments reported here show that the previous task is remembered due to the similarity with the current task, triggering similar modes of behaviour.
Description: Promotor: B. Hommel
With summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen
Citation: Spapé, M.M., 2009, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University

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