Secretaris der natuur : de Franse conservatieve denker Louis de Bonald en zijn Theorie van de Macht

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Secretaris der natuur : de Franse conservatieve denker Louis de Bonald en zijn Theorie van de Macht

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Secretaris der natuur : de Franse conservatieve denker Louis de Bonald en zijn Theorie van de Macht
Author: Audenaerde, R.F.C.
Issue Date: 2009-11-18
Keywords: Absolutism
Aristocracy
Bonald
Conservatism
Corporatism
Enlightenment
History
Monarchy
Revolution
Royalism
Abstract: A reconstruction of the Théorie du Pouvoir, the first and major work of the French philosopher Louis de Bonald, shows that this work is best being read along the lines of political classicism: its syllogistic structure consists of a philosophical (deductive) maior, a historical (empirical) minor, and the political conclusion that the aristocratic authority and corporative forms characteristic of the preabsolutist era rather than ancien régime monarchy should be restored. As much as a frontal attack on the French Revolution and its Enlightenment ideas it can be regarded as a subtle defense of the nobility’s cause against absolutist policies. The common view that Bonald was a champion of absolutism should be replaced by the view that he continued Montesquieu and prefigured Tocqueville. As an archetypical conservative Bonald cannot be said to be a mere precursor of fascism. This is demonstrated in the epilogue, which discusses the ways that Bonald’s ideas have been transmitted, adopted and transformed not just by the modern extreme-right but also by French royalism, German romanticism, panslavism, carlism, conservatism in Latin and Northern America, Dutch neocalvinism, French liberalism, the Catholic Church, corporatism, christian-democracy, the social sciences, socialism, anarchism, men of letters, esoteric traditionalism and islamic fundamentalism.
Promotor: Supervisor: Kinneging A.A.M.
Faculty: Faculty of Law
University: Leiden University
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/14366
 

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