Bius, Parbaringin und Paniaran. Über Demokratie und Religion bei den Tobabatak Nordsumatras

Leiden Repository

Bius, Parbaringin und Paniaran. Über Demokratie und Religion bei den Tobabatak Nordsumatras

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Bius, Parbaringin und Paniaran. Über Demokratie und Religion bei den Tobabatak Nordsumatras
Author: Angerler, J.
Journal Title: Leiden Ethnosystems and Development Studies
Issue Date: 2009-06-18
Keywords: Cultural ecology
Indigenous knowledge
Role of women
Traditional democracy and religion
Abstract: This investigation is an attempt to gain a better understanding of the religious and socio-political organization of pre-colonial Tobabatak society. In literature the traditionally stateless Tobabatak society is usually depicted as being organized principally along kinship lines and there is still a widespread perception that in pre-colonial times there were no more highly developed political units than villages. Fieldwork, archival research, and research into old Tobabatak texts have produced a different picture. Tobabatak society did indeed never transform into statehood (in the sense of having a centralized government with the military power to enforce its decisions) but it had a functional alternative at its disposal: The many genuinely democratically organized ‘house-organizations’ (bius) of which the society consisted, each composed of thousands or even tens of thousands of members, were abl e to organize co-operation for the construction of irrigation-facilities and other communal projects (sometimes on a huge scale) and for the permanent infrastructure of hydraulic agriculture. Within these house-organizations the parbaringin as spiritual as well as political representatives of the smaller units of society on the higher levels, and the paniaran as the representatives of the women played a leading role without ever using any military might.
Promotor: Supervisor: Schefold R., Slikkerveer L.J. Co-Supervisor: Persoon G.A.
Faculty: Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences
University: Leiden University
Uri: urn:isbn:9789085702900
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13848
 

Files in this item

Description Size View
application/pdf Full text 246.0Mb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 46.90Kb View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)