||The Amarna Period is one of the most controversial times in Egyptian history and is characterized by significant political, economic, religious, artistic and administrative changes. The most notorious controversy to modern eyes concerns Akhenaten's religious reforms and his vision of a "monotheistic" theological system. These reforms led to a conflict between Atenism -the new religion- and traditional Egyptian beliefs. A matter that remains uncertain is how Atenism affected the conception of the afterlife during that period. The influence of the Aten's cult on the funerary art was crucial, and under Akhenaten's reign, many traditional funerary scenes, such as references to the Netherworld are absent. Additionally, the absence of Osiris, who was the central pylon of the traditional mortuary ideology, is a crucial modification that has spurred many interpretations concerning the way that afterlife was conceived after the pharaoh's reforms. Thus, the main focus of this thesis is to designate the conception of the Netherworld during the Amarna Period in the light of the absence of traditional funerary iconography and inscriptions.