Early history of ethnography and ethnology in the German enlightenment : anthropological discourse in Europe and Asia, 1710-1808

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Early history of ethnography and ethnology in the German enlightenment : anthropological discourse in Europe and Asia, 1710-1808

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Early history of ethnography and ethnology in the German enlightenment : anthropological discourse in Europe and Asia, 1710-1808
Author: Vermeulen, Hendrik Frederik
Publisher: Department of Cultural Anthropology and Development Sociology, Faculty of Social and Behavioural Sciences, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2008-11-12
Keywords: Classification of sciences
Conceptual history
German (intellectual) history
History of anthropology
Abstract: Socio-cultural anthropology emerged a century earlier than has previously been assumed. It originated in the field in Siberia and was developed in academic centers in Göttingen and Vienna during the eighteenth century. German-speaking historians such as Gerhard Friedrich Müller, August Ludwig Schlözer, Johann Christoph Gatterer and Adam Franz Kollár invented and practiced a science of peoples designated as Völker-Beschreibung (1740), ethnographia (1767-71), Völkerkunde (1771-75) and ethnologia (1781-83). With these concepts, they took part in an ethnological discourse, a way of thinking and communicating about peoples and nations. Ethnology was developed alongside (physical or philosophical) Anthropologie, partly in oppostion and partly in dialogue. Ethnology originated from history under the influence of historical linguistics and was developed as a complement to (physical and social) geography, social philosophy and (physical or philosophical) anthropology. These Germ an-speaking scholars systematized the ethnological way of thinking in the multicultural Russian, German, and Austrian Empires. The German tradition influenced scholars in Russia, the Netherlands, Austria, Hungary, Switzerland, and Bohemia, as well as in France, the United States, and Great Britain. Historiography has largely ignored these developments. To correct this omission, the early actors are introduced and their work is placed in a historical, academic, and political context.
Description: Promotores: R. Schefold, J.G. Oosten
With summaries in Dutch and German
Faculty: Faculteit der Sociale Wetenschappen
Citation: Vermeulen, H.F., 2008, Doctoral thesis, Leiden University
Sponsor: Noordman Timber & Plywood, Leiden
Handle: http://hdl.handle.net/1887/13256
 

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