Islamic reformism and Christianity : a critical reading of the works of Muhammad Rashid Rida and his associates (1898-1935)

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Islamic reformism and Christianity : a critical reading of the works of Muhammad Rashid Rida and his associates (1898-1935)

Type: Doctoral Thesis
Title: Islamic reformism and Christianity : a critical reading of the works of Muhammad Rashid Rida and his associates (1898-1935)
Author: Ryad, Umar
Publisher: Faculty of Religious Studies, Leiden University
Issue Date: 2008-06-12
Keywords: Rashid Rida
Islam and Christian missions
Islamic polemics on Christianity
Islamic Reformism
Tawfiq Sidqi
The fatwas of al-Manar
Arab Christians
Abstract: The present work is a critical study of the dynamics of Muslim understanding of Christianity during the late 19th and the early 20th century in the light of the polemical writings of the well-known Syro-Egyptian Muslim reformist Sheikh Muhammad Rashid Rida (1865-1935) and his associates. It is observable that neither Muslim nor Western scholars paid due attention to his views on Christianity. No full-scale study of his perspectives on that subject has been undertaken so far. Although there are scattered and brief remarks in some individual studies on some of his works on Christianity, investigation is still needed by focusing on his polemics and answers to the social, political and theological aspects of missionary movements among Muslims of his age. The base of our analysis in the present study encompasses Rida’s voluminous publications embodied in his magnum opus, the journal al-Manar (The Lighthouse). The core of these writings on the Christian beliefs and scriptures consisted of polemic and apologetic issues, which had already existed in the pre-modern Islamic classification of Christianity. However, al-Manar polemicists have added to their investigations many modern aspects largely influenced by Western critical studies of the Bible. There is no documented public debate (munazarah) between Rida and his contemporary missionaries. But al-Manar developed certain sorts of arguments drawn from critical studies about biblical texts, church history, political confrontations in the period of colonialism, and evidence of what it perceived as the wrong picture portrayed by missionaries (and some Christian Arabs) of Islam.
Description: Promotores: P.S. van Koningsveld, G.A. Wiegers
With Summary in Dutch
Faculty: Faculty of Theology
Citation: Ryad, U., 2008, Doctoral Thesis, Leiden University

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application/pdf Title pages_Contents_Acknowledgements 57.64Kb View/Open
application/pdf Introduction 161.3Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 1 295.5Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 2 373.4Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 3 329.2Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 4 241.0Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 5 204.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 6 220.4Kb View/Open
application/pdf Chapter 7 190.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Conclusion 81.14Kb View/Open
application/pdf Appendices 1.984Mb View/Open
application/pdf Bibliography 166.1Kb View/Open
application/pdf Summary in Dutch 63.06Kb View/Open
application/pdf Curriculum Vitae 38.04Kb View/Open
application/pdf Propositions 48.63Kb View/Open

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